Historically, development has not been at the core of the multilateral trade regime. The multilateral trade system did not incorporate development concerns until the Doha Development round. Paradoxically, since its launch in 2001 multilateral trade regimes have failed due to its focus on development –which was supposed to embrace. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) evolved over time in its treatment of developing countries, changing the use of special and differential treatment (S&D). An imbalance in rule making became evident with the results of the Uruguay Round agreements and its implementation costs, with debate moving from the concept of S&D to creating space for discussing development policy. Some reflections are offered on the current governance challenges the World Trade Organization (WTO) faces today.
— Suggested Readings
Abreu, Marcelo de Paiva. (2000). “Latin American and Caribbean interests in the WTO”. Rio de Janeiro: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Economía.
Annabi, Nabil, Khondker, Bazlul H., Raihan, Selim, Cockburn, John, and Decaluwe, Bernard. 2007. “Implications of WTO Agreements and Domestic Trade Policy Reforms for Poverty in Bangladesh: Short Vs. Long Run Impacts.” PEP Research Network.
Deere Birkbeck, Carolyn (ed.) (2011). Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development: Perspectives and Priorities from Developing Countries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Evans, Phil. 2007. “Unwrapping the WTO: What Consumers Need to Know”. Consumers International, London, GB.
Hoekman, Bernard M. and Michel M. Kostecki (2001). The Political Economy of the World Trading System: The WTO and Beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.
Narlikar, Amrita (2005). The World Trade Organization: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Steger, Debra P. (2010). Redesigning the World Trade Organization for the twenty-first century. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Stiglitz, Joseph E., and Andrew Charlton (2005). Fair Trade for All: How Trade Can Promote Development. New York: Oxford University Press.