Conflict has economic consequences that are better understood through the political economy lens. Analyses of intrastate conflicts have focused on the links between resource scarcities, distributional inequities, and political marginalization. Major explanations for intrastate conflict include the modernization theories of the 1960s; the weak state postulates of the 1980s and 1990s; and the recent theorizing on natural resources and conflicts. These studies share key assumptions about the centrality of socioeconomic inequities, weak governance structures, and the availability of opportunities for groups to contest their grievances. Scholars also agree that institutions are vital in the attenuation, mediation, and mitigation of intrastate conflicts and have formulated institutional prescriptions to manage them. Although civil conflicts are ending in most parts of the world, multilateral approaches and initiatives remain critical in tackling new intrastate fissures and regionalized conflicts.
— Suggested Readings
Call, Charles and Vanessa Wyeth (eds.) (2008). Building States to Build Peace. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner. [PDF 230KB]
Carment, David, and Albrecht Schnabel. (2003). Conflict prevention path to peace or grand illusion? Tokyo: United Nations University Press.
Gravingholt, Jorn, Sebastian Ziaja and Merle Kreibaum (2012). “State Fragility: Towards a Multidimensional Empirical Typology,” German Development Institute (DIE) Discussion Paper, DIE, Bonn. [PDF 5MB]
Lake, David and Donald Rothchild (eds.) (1998). The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Mahajan, Navita. 2010. Reversing the gaze: exploring the imbrications in history of post partition Punjab. in History of Post Partition Punjab.
Snow, Donald M. (1996). Uncivil Wars: International Security and the New Internal Conflicts. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Zartman, William. (ed.) (1995). Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.