Access to land is crucial to poor people’s livelihoods. Policies around access to land and land reforms have gained, lost, and regained prominence in development debates since the Second World War. The land reform and agrarian reforms during the Cold War period were defined around concepts of ownership and use rights. Their implementation was aimed at enhancing farmer sector productivity and economic contribution. Following the Cold War, the debates were between advocates of state-led redistributive land reforms and market-led reforms. The more contemporary issues and debates focus on gender and generational issues in land policy, as well as the ongoing “rush” involving large corporate land deals. A redistributive land reform for the twenty-first century requires strong links to broader visions of development, and new ideas of food and land sovereignty.
— Suggested Readings
Baranyi, Stephen, Carmen Diana Deere, and Manuel Morales. (2004). Land & development in Latin America openings for policy research. Ottawa: North-South Institute. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Lipton, Michael. (2010). Land Reform in Developing Countries: Property Rights and Property Wrongs. London and New York: Routledge.
Majahāra, Pharahāda. 2007. Food sovereignty and uncultivated biodiversity in South Asia essays on the poverty of food policy and the wealth of the social landscape. New Delhi: Academic Foundation. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Platteau, Jean-Philippe. (1996). ‘The evolutionary theory of land rights as applied to sub-Saharan Africa: a critical assessment’, Development and Change 27 (1), pp. 29-86. [PDF 350KB]
Tyler, Stephen. 2006. Communities, livelihoods and natural resources action research and policy change in Asia. London: International Development Research Centre. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Tsikata, Dzodzi, and Pamela Golah. 2010. Land tenure, gender, and globalisation: research and analysis from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. New Delhi: Zubaan. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
White, Ben, Saturnino M. Borras Jr., Ruth Hall, Ian Scoones and Wendy Wolford. (2012) ‘The new enclosures: critical perspectives on corporate land deals’. Journal of Peasant Studies 39 (3-4): 619-647. [PDF 120KB]