The nexus between development and innovation system approach represent a powerful instrument for understanding and orienting policies to promote learning, innovation and competence building. Innovation, knowledge, and systemic learning are central elements of development. Learning and innovation are not restricted to a group of “advanced” actors, activities, and regions/countries. Rather these are processes that strengthen economic (and sociocultural) activity, ignite productive inclusion and improve essential public goods and services across societies. Past experiences underline the importance of understanding the unique characteristics and development trajectories of each region/country; and the need to consider territories and contexts to avoid dissociating economic from social development, both in research and in policy programs.
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