How do Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) contribute to international development? What roles do the state and market play in deploying ICTs? How to assess the development impact of ICTs, for their scalability or sustainability? These questions hit the core of key ideas and debates in the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D). Practical examples of ICT use in the developing world include telecentres, LAN houses, and the growing number of mobile devices in the hands of the poor. It is critical to understand how markets provide access to ICTs, and whether ICTs empower wider social transformation.
Looking forward, ongoing debate revolves around Internet governance and which policies foster or threaten online rights. Will the future use of ICTs expand human freedom and development, or enable increased surveillance and control?
Adera, Edith Ofwona, T. M. Waema, Julian May, Ophelia Mascarenhas, and Kathleen Diga. 2014. ICT pathways to poverty reduction: empirical evidence from East and Southern Africa. Ottawa: Practical Action Publishing and International Development Research Centre (IDRC). (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Alampay, Ervwin. (2006). “Beyond access to ICTs: Measuring capabilities in the information society”, International Journal of Education and Development using ICT 2(3).
Benkler, Yochai. (2006). The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven: Yale University Press. [PDF 500KB]
Elder, L., Samarajiva, R., Gillwald, A., & Galperin, H. (2014). Information lives of the poor: Fighting poverty with technology. IDRC.
Elder, Laurent. 2013. Connecting ICTs to development: the IDRC experience. London: Anthem Press, 2013. [See also the book website] (La version française du site)
Galperin, Hernan. 2007. Digital poverty Latin American and Caribbean perspectives. Ottawa, Ont: International Development Research Centre. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Goldsmith, Jack and Tim Wu. (2006). Who Controls the Internet? Illusions of a bordeless world. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [PDF 150KB]
Liang, Lawrence. (2010). “Access Beyond Developmentalism: Technology and the Intellectual Life of the Poor”, Information Technologies & International Development 6 special edition, 65–67. [PDF 150KB]
Proenza, F. J., & Girard, B. (2015). Public Access ICT Across Cultures: Diversifying Participation in the Network Society. MIT Press.
Sen, Amartya. (2010). “The Mobile and the World”, Information Technologies & International Development 6 special edition, 1–3.
World Bank. (2016). World Development Report: Digital Dividends. Washington D.C.: The World Bank.