Chile has experienced dramatically different models of development over the past century, ranging from early inclusion efforts to accommodate people moving to cities; to import substitution following the Great Depression and export-led growth during two decades of dictatorship. Yet, the period since the return to democracy in 1990 has been the most fruitful, with dramatically reduced poverty, increased income, and expanded access to education and health. These achievements are tied to an effort to break through old political impasses and establish a new coalition based on a model of development that balances the roles of state, market, and society to achieve both economic and social outcomes. Presently, Chile’s development has come full circle, with a new need to confront inequality and ensure that high income results in a more egalitarian society.
— Suggested Readings
Aylwin, Patricio (1998). El Reencuentro de los Demócratas: del Golpe al Triunfo del No. Santiago: Grupo Z.
De Ramón, Aramando (2003). Historia de Chile. Santiago: Catalonia.
Frei Ruiz Tagle, E. (1997). Foundations for Democratic Governability: a Latin American Perspective. Silver Spring, MD: Presstar.
Góngora, Mario (1981). Ensayo Histórico sobre la Noción de Estado en Chile en los Siglo XIX y XX. Santiago: La Ciudad.
Lagos, Ricardo (2012). Así lo vivimos: la Vía Chilena a la Democracia. Santiago: Taurus.
Muñoz Goma, Oscar (2007). El modelo económico de la concertación. 1990-2005 ¿Reformas o cambio? Santiago: Catalonia.