Brazil offers an interesting case study of economic growth that combines both textbook and unorthodox policies. The analysis covers eighty years of Brazilian history divided into three periods: the first starts in 1930 with Getúlio Vargas, the second in 1964 with the military coup, and the third in 1985 with the return to civilian rule. The administrations of Collor–Itamar and the Cardoso–Lula represent substantial shifts in government priorities. What emerges from this historical analysis is not so much a narrative of development, but a succession of measures intended to solve specific short-term problems, such as: increasing exports, improving the balance of trade, controlling public debt, fighting inflation, enhancing industrial productivity, and reducing poverty and inequality. More than a model of development, the Brazilian experience highlights the importance of government policy, and of the divides between different social classes and regions.
— Suggested Readings
Baer, Werner. (2008). The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development. 6th ed. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Naudé, W., Szirmai, A., & Haraguchi, N. (Eds.). (2015). Structural change and industrial development in the BRICS. OUP Oxford.
Silva, Itamar and Anna Luiza Salles Souto. (2009). Democracy, citizenship and youth: towards social and political participation in Brazil. Tauris Books. (Résumé en français disponible ici)
Roett, Riordan. (2010). The New Brazil. Washington: Brookings Institution Press
Silva, Itamar, and Anna Luiza Salles Souto Ferreira. (2009). Democracy, citizenship and youth towards social and political participation in Brazil. London: Tauris Academic Studies.
Teixeira, Sonia M. Fleury, Susana Belmartino, and Enis Baris. (2000). Reshaping health care in Latin America a comparative analysis of health care reform in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre. (Résumé en français disponible ici)